How to store CO2 with Northern Lights

We are on track to complete development of the first phase of Northern Lights’ CO2 transport and storage infrastructure by mid-2024. This gives us the capacity to store 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year, with a plan to increase capacity as demand grows across Europe.

Northern Lights has reserved a total capacity of 0.8 million tonnes of CO2 per year for the Norcem cement factory in Breivik and the Fortum Oslo Varme waste-to-energy plant, to fulfill our obligations as the transport and storage component of Longship, the Norwegian Government’s full-scale carbon capture and storage project.

Beyond that, we are engaging with emitters around Europe, who are considering using the Northern Lights infrastructure to help them decarbonize.

We start these conversations by asking several questions to help us understand their needs:

  • What is the CO2 source?
  • How much CO2 do you intend to store?
  • At which loading port will the CO2 be delivered?
  • When do you expect to be able to start capture?
  • What capture technologies are you considering?
  • Are you in need of support to secure funding?
  • Is there a component of biogenic CO2 in the mix?
Northern Lights value chain illustration

Our infrastructure is being developed to receive CO2 that meets a predefined specification (Quality specifications for liquified CO2). This is done to ensure the long-term safety and integrity of the various infrastructure components, taking into consideration safety, material selection, thermodynamics and chemical reactions.

The CO2 has to be liquefied and brought to specific pressure and temperature conditions (CO2 Cargo Quality specifications) before being picked up for shipping. The jetty from where the CO2 will be loaded must be able to receive our ships (International shipshore interface standards).

Our typical customer maturation process follows these steps:

  • Initial request for information, early informal meeting.
  • Mutual signing of Non-Disclosure Agreement (download NDA here).
  • Exchange of technical and commercial information:
    • Technical questionnaire providing Northern Lights with key technical details (see questionaire here).
    • Main commercial principles.
  • Firming up on Heads of Terms (HOT).
  • Signature of a fully termed Transport and Storage Agreement (TSA).

For more information on carbon capture and storage and the Northern Lights Project, please refer to our video and report section. Reports of relevance to the Norwegian Government’s full-scale carbon capture and storage project (Longship) have been made available on the CCS Norway section on the Gassnova website.

For more information, please contact Martijn Smit, Business Development Director (martijn.smit@norlights.com).